Wednesday, 19 June 2013

TOP 10 TANK IN THE WORLD

 WHY SHOULD YOU READ THIS BLOG ?


So, i am gonna tell you Why this blog is one of its own kind and also why TANK play an important role in term called WAR :-

1) Tanks plays an important role in mass destruction.

2) A tank is a tracked, armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat which combines

operational mobility and tactical offensive and defensive capabilities.

3) All the tanks listed here are ranked on the basis of :-


  •  Firepower
  • Protection ( Armor)
  • Engine & speed.


INTRODUCTION -


Leonardo da Vinci and H.G. Wells in some way invented the tank. Da Vinci's late 15th century drawings of what some describe as a "tank" show a man-powered, wheeled vehicle with cannons all around it. However the human crew would not have enough power to move it over larger distance, and usage of animals was problematic in a space so confined.

Over the past century, dozens of tanks have been designed and built to blast their way across the battlefield. These are the best of the best. They are the top ten tanks of all time.

 
LIST OF TOP TEN TANKS :-

10) M-4 SHERMAN (US) :-
  •      Firepower :- 

           >>Main arnaments :- 75 mm M3 L/40 gun (90 rounds) or 76 mm gun M1 (55 rounds)

           >> Secondary arnaments :- .50 cal Browning M2HB machine gun (300 rounds) ,  2 × .30-06 Browning M1919A4 machine guns (4,750 rounds)


  •     Armor :-  76 mm maximum.


  •      Engine :- Continental R975 C1, air-cooled, radial, gasoline 400 hp (298 kW) at 2,400 rpm M4A4 Model - Chrysler A57 Multibank 30 cylinder 21-litre engine. 470 hp at 2,700 rpm.


  •      Speed :- 25 to 30 mph (40 to 48 km/h)

 The Sherman scored low on firepower and armor. Its Ford eight-cylinder engine was efficient and reliable, so the tank scored slightly better for mobility. But it is ease of manufacture that won the M-4 its place among the top 10 tanks: a staggering 48,000 of them were produced over just three years. Thus, the Sherman received a top production rating.

9) MERKAVA :-


  • Firepower :-

          >>Main arnamaents :- 120 mm (4.7 in) MG253 smoothbore gun, capable of firing LAHAT

          ATGM

          >>Secondary arnaments :-

          1 × 12.7 mm (0.50 in) MG

          2 × 7.62 mm (0.300 in) MG
          1 × 60 mm (2.4 in) internal mortar
          12 smoke grenades


  • Armour :- Classified composite/ sloped armor modular design.  


  • Engine :- 1,500 hp (1,119 kW) turbocharged diesel engine


  • Speed:-  64 km/h (40 mph) on road ,  55 km/h (34 mph) off road .

The Merkava is a main battle tank used by the Israel Defense Forces. The tank began development in 1973 and entered official service in 1979. Four main versions of the tank have been deployed. It was first used extensively in the 1982 Lebanon War. The name "Merkava" was derived from the IDF's initial development program name.

It is designed for rapid repair of battle damage, survivability, cost-effectiveness and off-road performance.

8) T-54/55 :-
  •  Firepower :- 
     >>Main arnaments :- D-10T 100 mm rifled gun.
     >> Secondary arnaments :-  7.62 mm SGMT coaxial machine gun, (12.7 mm DShK heavy machine gun)
  •    Armour :-
             Full front 100mm @ 60°,
             turret front 205mm(rounded),
             hull side 80mm @ 0°,
             lower hull side 20mm @ 0°,
             turret side 130mm(rounded),
             hull rear 60mm @ 0°,
             turret rear 60mm(rounded),
             hull top 33-16mm, turret top 30mm,
             hull floor 20mm.
  •   Engine :- Model V-55(V-54) V-12 water-cooled. 38.88-l diesel 581 hp (433 kW)
  •   Speed :-  48 km/h (30 mph)
The T-54 and T-55 tanks are a series of main battle tanks originally conceived as medium tanks that were designed in the Soviet Union. The first T-54 prototype appeared in March 1945, just as the Second World War ended. The T-54 entered full production in 1947 and became the main tank for armored units of the Soviet Army, armies of the Warsaw Pact countries, and others. T-54s and T-55s were involved in many of the world's armed conflicts during the late 20th and early 21st century.
The T-54/55 series eventually became the most-produced tank in history. Estimated production numbers for the series range from 86,000 to 100,000.

7) CHALLENGER1/CHALLENGER 2 :-


  • Firepower :-
      >> Main arnaments :- Royal Ordnance L11A5 120 mm rifled gun 64 rounds.
           
     >>  Secondary arnaments :-  7.62 mm L8A2, 7.62 mm L37A2 machine guns 4,000 rounds.
  • Armour :- Chobham, classified
  • Engine :- Rolls-Royce CV12 26 litre diesel1,200 hp (895 kW)
  • Speed :- 56 kilometres per hour (35 mph)

First produced in 1982. Top speed: 37 mph. Range: 340 miles. The Condor V-12 engine gives Challenger a power-to-weight ratio of 19.2 horsepower per ton. Armor thickness: classified. Primary armament: 120-mm rifled gun.
The Challenger scores very good marks for its world-class armor, and the maximum on firepower - the rifled 120-mm gun is a record-breaker. Marks are down for mobility, and further down for production. This tank gets a low average for fear factor: it's an impressive machine, but there aren't enough of them to make an enemy truly fearful.

6)  PANZER IV:-


  • Firepower :-
      >> Main arnaments :- 7.5 cm (2.95 in) KwK 40 L/48 main gun (87 rds.)

      >> Secondary arnaments :-  2 × 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34 Panzerlauf (3,150 rds.)


  • Armour :- 10–88 mm (0.39–3.5 in) (w/ armour skirts)
  •  Engine :-12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM V12 300 PS (296 hp, 220 kW)
  • Speed :- 42 km/h (26 mph) road, 16 km/h (9.9 mph) off road

The Panzerkampfwagen IV (Pz.Kpfw. IV) commonly known as the Panzer IV was a medium tank developed in Nazi Germany in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War. Its ordnance inventory designation was Sd.Kfz. 161.
Designed as an infantry-support tank, the Panzer IV was not originally intended to engage enemy armor—that function was performed by the lighter Panzer III. However, with the flaws of pre-war doctrine becoming apparent and in the face of Soviet T-34 tanks, the Panzer IV soon assumed the tank-fighting role of its increasingly obsolete cousin. The most widely manufactured and deployed German tank of the Second World War, the Panzer IV was used as the base for many other fighting vehicles, including the Sturmgeschütz IV assault gun, Jagdpanzer IV tank destroyer, the Wirbelwind self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon, and the Brummbär self-propelled gun.

5) CENTURION TANK :-


  • Firepower :-
           >>Main arnaments :- 105 mm L7 rifled gun 17 pdr 20 pdr.
           >>Secondary arnaments :-  .30 cal Browning machine gun.
  • Armour :- 6 in (150 mm)
  • Engine :- Rolls-Royce Meteor 650 hp (480 kW)
  •  Speed :- 22 mph (35 km/h)
The Centurion, introduced in 1945, was the primary British main battle tank of the post-World War II period. It was a successful tank design, with upgrades, for many decades. The chassis was also adapted for several other roles.
Development of the tank began in 1943 and manufacture of the Centurion began in January 1945, six prototypes arriving in Belgium less than a month after the war in Europe ended in May 1945.It first entered combat with the British Army in the Korean War in 1950, in support of the UN forces. The Centurion later served in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, where it fought against US-supplied M47 Patton and M48 Patton tanks and they served with the Royal Australian Armoured Corps in Vietnam.

4) BRITISH HEAVY TANKS OF WORLD WAR 1 :-


  • Firepower :-
          >>Main arnaments :-  Male: Two Hotchkiss 6 pdr QF , Female: Four .303 in Vickers machine gun.
          >>Secondary arnaments :-  Male: Three .303 in Hotchkiss Machine Guns , Female: One .303 in         Hotchkiss machine guns
  •  Armour :-  6–12 mm (0.24–0.47 in)
  •  Engine :- Daimler-Knight 6-cylinder sleeve-valve 16 litre petrol engine 105 hp
  •  Speed :-  3.7 miles per hour maximum.

The Mark I was a rhomboid vehicle with a low centre of gravity and long track length, able to negotiate broken ground and cross trenches. Main armament was carried in sponsons on the hull sides.
The hull was undivided internally; the crew shared the same space as the engine. The environment inside was extremely unpleasant; since ventilation was inadequate, the atmosphere was contaminated with poisonous carbon monoxide, fuel and oil vapours from the engine, and cordite fumes from the weapons. Temperatures inside could reach 50 °C (122 °F). Entire crews lost consciousness inside the tank or, sometimes, collapsed when again exposed to fresh air.

3) TIGER I :-


  •   Firepower:-
          >>Main arnaments :- 1× 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56 92 rounds (106 and 120 rounds for some modifications).
          >>Secondary arnaments :- 2× 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34 4,800 rounds
  •   Armour :- 25–120 mm (0.98–4.7 in)
  •   Engine :- Maybach HL230 P45 (V-12 petrol) 700 PS (690.4 hp, 514.8 kW)
  •   Speed :- 38 km/h (24 mph)
Tiger I is the common name of a German heavy tank developed in 1942 and used in World War II. The final official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger Ausf.E, often shortened to Tiger. It was an answer to the unexpectedly impressive Soviet armour encountered in the initial months of the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, particularly the T-34 and the KV-1. The Tiger I design gave the Wehrmacht its first tank mounting the 88 mm gun, in its initial armored fighting vehicle-dedicated version, which in its Flak version had previously demonstrated its effectiveness against both air and ground targets. During the course of the war, the Tiger I saw combat on all German battlefronts. It was usually deployed in independent tank battalions, which proved to be quite formidable.

2) M1 ABRAMS :-


  • Firepower :-
          >>Main arnaments :- 105 mm L52 M68 rifled cannon (M1) 120 mm L44 M256 smoothbore cannon (M1A1, M1A2, M1A2SEP) with 42 rounds.
         
         >>Secondary arnaments :- 1 × .50-caliber (12.7 mm) M2HB heavy machine gun with 900 rounds
2 × 7.62 mm (.308) M240 machine guns with 8,800 rounds (1 pintle-mounted, 1 coaxial).


  • Armour :-

Chobham, RH armor, depleted uranium strike plates, Kevlar mesh
  • M1: Hull & turret – 350 mm vs APFSDS, 700 mm vs HEAT
  • M1A1: Hull & turret – 600 mm vs APFSDS, 700 mm vs HEAT
  • M1A1HA: Hull – 600 mm vs APFSDS, 700 mm vs HEAT, Turret – 800 mm vs APFSDS, 1,300  mm vs HEAT
  • M1A2: Hull (turret) – 600 (780 mm) mm vs APFSDS, 800 mm (1,060 mm) vs HEAT
  •  Engine :-Honeywell AGT1500C multi-fuel turbine engine 1,500 shp (1,120 kW).
  •  Speed :- M1A2: Road 67 km/h (42 mph) (governed) , Off-road: 40 km/h (25 mph)

The M1 Abrams is an American third-generation main battle tank produced by the United States. It is named after General Creighton Abrams, former Army Chief of Staff and Commander of U.S. military forces in the Vietnam War from 1968 to 1972. Highly mobile, designed for modern armored ground warfare,the M1 is well armed and heavily armored. Notable features include the use of a powerful gas turbine engine (multifuel capable, usually fueled with JP8 jet fuel), the adoption of sophisticated composite armor, and separate ammunition storage in a blow-out compartment for crew safety. Weighing nearly 68 short tons (almost 62 metric tons), it is one of the heaviest main battle tanks in service.

1) T-34 :-


  • Firepower :-
           >>Main arnaments :- 76.2 mm (3.00 in) F-34 tank gun(T-34-85: 85 mm gun).
           >>Secondary arnaments :- 2 × 7.62 mm (0.308 in) DT machine guns.
  •  Armour :- Hull front 47 mm /60° (upper part) ,  45 mm (1.8")/60° (lower part),
    Hull side 40 mm/41°(upper part),
    Hull rear 45 mm,
    Hull top 20 mm,
    Hull bottom 15 mm;
    Turret front 60 mm (2.4"),
    Turret side 52 mm/30°,
    Turret rear 30 mm,
    Turret top 16 mm
  • Engine :- Model V-2 38.8 L V12 Diesel engine 500 hp (370 kW)
  • Speed :- 53 km/h (33 mph)

The T-34 was a Soviet medium tank produced from 1940 to 1958, which had a profound and permanent effect on the field of tank design internationally, as well as armoured unit tactics. When it first appeared on the battlefield in 1941, German tank generals von Kleist and Guderian called it "the deadliest tank in the world." The T-34's 76.2 mm (3 in) high-velocity gun was the best tank gun in the world at that time; its heavy, sloped hull armour was impenetrable by standard antitank weapons; and it was very agile. It has often been described as the most effective, efficient and influential design of World War II, although its armour and armament were surpassed by later tanks of the era. First produced at the KhPZ factory in Kharkiv (Ukraine), it was the mainstay of Soviet armoured forces throughout World War II, and widely exported afterward. It was the most-produced tank of the war, and the second most-produced tank of all time, after its successor, the T-54/55 series. In 1996, T-34 variants were still in service in at least 27 countries.

Ok, POST Is End.----------------->!<----------------------

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